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Japan The last eight war months 1945

A cold period until July 1945

Source: NASA/Giss/ 2010 (extract)

Coldest months on record - May & July data 1945

Since January 1945 a huge military machinery closed down on Japan rolling northwards from Burma, and the Philippines, or closing in from the East after the strategic Iwo Jima Island had been conquered in a battle lasting from 19 February until 16 March for which the US Marine Corp employed 450 ships, including 6 battleships, 4 cruisers and 16 destroyers, and a manpower of 50000.  To prepare for landing the island was bombed for 72 days by B-24s from the Marianas (1), while the naval ships bombard the island for three days. Since summer 1945 the USA was able to commence 1,000 bomber raids against Japan and to fly bombing mission towards the Japanese home islands. There were many other naval activities, from bombing, kamikaze, mining, submarines, and shelling underway, of which major last big battle concerning the occupation of Okinawa began on April 1, 1945 and ended June 21, 1945. The material employed and lost was gigantic.

The war ended in August 1945 and the temperatures turned to a higher level than the average.

(1) The Marianas are the northernmost islands of a larger island group called Micronesia, situated between 13 to 21 North, and 144 to 146 East. The distance to Tokyo is about 2400 km. They had been recaptured by August 1944 and after rebuilding an air strip in Tinian over the next several months, a total of 19000 combat missions were launched from here alone against Japan. By August 1945, Tinian was by space and operation the largest airbase in the world, and accommodated nearly 1000 B-29s, the so-called: Superfortress with an armament of: 12 .50-caliber machine guns, 1 20 mm cannon, 20,000-pound bomb load, , and, for example, in March 1945 B-29s laid mines in Japan's Shimonoseki Strait to interrupt shipping.

Chapter: 4_12

Book Page: 241b

File: 914_Month_1945

Image: 2010/