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Japan – A record cold winter 1944/45

Aikawa – Central Japan – West coast


US and Allies navies close in on Japan and the main island gets a record cold winter


Only nine months before the Japan surrendered in August 1945 the island went through an unusual and very cold winter. Before turning to the temperature condition in Japan during the three main winter months 1944/45, a brief look at the war situation. otal of 19,000 combat missions launched against Japan. Since autumn 1944 the US Navy retook the Philippines. The larges engagement took  place in the Leyte Gulf, and covered a number of clashes and fighting that are know as Battle of the Leyte Gulf. The enemies employed at least 40 carries, 20 battle ships, and about 200 cruiser and destroyer, as well as many hundred air planes. Fighting continued in the Philippines and the Indonesian Archipelago until the early 1945, but the distant to Okinawa was not more than 1’000 km and to the South of Japan 2’000 km. Japan’s North-South supply lines could be more effectively penetrated by submarines and bombers. Water masses from the military operation or attack areas were carried with the Northern Equatorial Current and Kuroshio Current (Fig. ) towards Japan within a short period of time, and suddenly Japan had an exceptional cold winter based on the months December 1944, and January and February 1945.


That was not the end of the war that continued until August 1945 and further cold months.


Chapter: 4_12

Book Page: 241a

File: 918_e

Image: 2010/